Garaboya was a village in the territory of the Echmiadzin uezd of the former Iravan governorate, later in the former Gurdugulu (Hoktemberyan) district, and present-day Armavir province. It was located near the Araz River. The village was initially inhabited by Azerbaijanis. After Armenians had been removed from Türkiye and settled in the region by the Treaty of Adrianople signed in 1829, the Azerbaijani population gradually left the village. The village was abolished in 1918.

The toponym was coined on the basis of the multigenerational family name “Garaboya”.