Sultanali gishlaghi

Sultanali gishlaghi or Janahmad is a village in the Novo-Bayazid uezd of the former Iravan governorate, later in the former Basarkechar (Vardenis) district, in the present Gekharkunik province. Other names for the village were “Ahmadli” and “Janahmad”. The provincial centre lies 97 km to the southeast of the town of Kavar (Gavar), at the foot of Agyokhush Pass, at a height of 2100 m above sea level. Its name was marked on the five-verst map of the Caucasus. It is given as “Janahmad village” in the works of Armenian authors.

The village was inhabited by 245 Azerbaijanis in 1873, 348 in 1886, 442 in 1897, 422 in 1908, 523 in 1914 and 475 Azerbaijanis in 1916. In 1919 the Azerbaijani population of the village were massacred or ousted by Armenian armed units. After the establishment of Soviet power in the territory of present-day Armenia in 1920, the surviving Azerbaijanis were able to return to the village. The village was inhabited by 194 Azerbaijanis in 1922, 335 in 1926, 383 in 1931, 339 in 1939, 337 in 1959, 589 in 1979, and 1,500 Azerbaijanisin 1987 In late November 1988, the Azerbaijani population of the village was massacred or expelled from their native lands by Armenians. At present, only Armenians live there.

The toponym was coined on the basis of a personal name. As the geographical area is a wintering place and was built by a person named Sultanali, the area was named “Sultanali wintering pasture”.

The name of the village was first changed to “Janahmad”. It was renamed “Gunashli” By the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Armenian SSR dated 3 July 1969, and then “Kutakan” by decision dated 3 April 1991. According to the law “On the administrative-territorial division of the Republic of Armenia” dated 7 November 1995, it was integrated into the administrative area of the Gegharkunik province.

Geographic coordinates: latitude 40°16’ N., longitude 45°50’ E.