Gargar (Pushkino)

Gargar is a village in the Borchali uezd of the former Tiflis governorate, later in the former Jalaloghlu (Stepanavan) district, and currently in the Lori province. The provincial centre is located at a distance of 15 km from the town of Boyuk Garakilsa (Vanadzor) at a height of 1,450 m above sea level. The name of the village was marked by Armenian authors as Russian Gargar. The word “Rus” (ethnonym) was added to the toponym following the settlement of the Russians in the area in the early 19th century, and specified as “Russian Gargar” in official documents.

Along with the Russians, the village was inhabited by six Azerbaijanis in 1897, seven Azerbaijanis in 1926 and 16 Azerbaijanis in 1931. In the 1940s the Azerbaijanis were displaced from the village. After 1988 the Russian residents of the village were also expelled as a result of Armenian pressure. Now the village is mainly inhabited by Armenians.

The toponym “Gargar” is coined on the basis of the name of the Gargar Turkic tribe, which is a phonetic form of the ancient Turkic tribe “Gargar”.

By the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Armenian SSR dated 14 February 1937, the village was renamed “Pushkino” in honor of the Russian poet Pushkin. According to the law “On the administrative-territorial division of the Republic of Armenia” dated 7 November 1995, it was integrated into the administrative territory of the Lori province.

Geographical coordinates: latitude: 40°57’ N., longitude: 44°24’ E.