Bashkoy is a village in the Alexandropol uezd of the former Iravan governorate, later in the former Gizil Goch (Gukasyan) district, and currently in the Shirak province. The provincial centre lies 34 km to the northeast of the town of Gumru, at a height of 2,020 m above sea level. It was marked on the five-verst map of the Caucasus.

The village was initially inhabited by Azerbaijanis. In 1830 Armenians were settled there having been deported from the Turkish province of Mush, and the Azerbaijanis, who were the basic inhabitants of the village, were deported from their historical-ethnic land by the Armenian armed forces.

The toponym was coined by combining the word “bash” used in the sense of “great, basic, senior” in Azerbaijani and the word “koy” meaning “a village” in Turkish.

In the 1920s, the village was renamed “Bashgyugh” being translated through literal translation. According to the law “On the administrative-territorial division of the Republic of Armenia” dated 7 November 1995, it was integrated into the administrative area of the Shirak province.

Geographic coordinates: latitude: 40°57’ N., longitude: 43°58′ E.