Barana is a town in the Borchali uezd of the former Tiflis governorate, later in the former Barana (Noyemberyan) district, and currently in the Tavush province. The provincial centre lies 48 km to the northwest of the town of  Karvansara (Ijevan), and at a height of 820 m above sea level. It is bordering Azerbaijan and Georgia.

The village was originally inhabited by Azerbaijanis, who gradually left it after Armenians had been settled in the region.

The toponym was coined on the basis of the ethnonym “Baranilar” which was included into the Garagoyunlu” tribal union and originated from the word “sheep”, “ram”.

By the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Armenian SSR dated 4 January 1938, the village was renamed “Noyemberyan” in honour of the establishment of Soviet power in Armenia in November. According to the law “On the administrative-territorial division of the Republic of Armenia” dated 7 November 1995, it was integrated into the administrative area of the Tavush province.

Geographic coordinates: latitude: 41°10′ N., longitude: 44°59′ E.