Bakdash was a village in the territory of the Zangezur uezd of the former Yelizavetpol (Ganja) governorate, later in the former Gafan district, and present-day Syunik province. It was located 4 km to the northwest of the provincial centre and at a height of 750 m above sea level. The name of the village was marked as “Beykhtash” on the five-verst map of the Caucasus.

The village was inhabited by 87 Azerbaijanis in 1897, 100 in 1907 and 230 Azerbaijanis in 1914. The Azerbaijanis were attacked, massacred or ousted from the village by Armenian amed formations in 1918. After the establishment of Soviet power in present-day Armenia, the inhabitants of the village managed to return to their homes. There lived 28 Azerbaijanis in 1922, 25 in 1926, 40 in 1931 and 60 Azerbaijanis in 1959. The village was abolished in 1973. At present, it lies in ruins.

The toponym was coined by combining the words “bak/bay” meaning “a hill, a highland, a peak, a height, altitude; tall, high, enourmous” in Turkic and “dash” meaning “a mountain, a rock”.